Publications in: Competition Economics

Consumer Behaviour in a Digital Environment

Sector:Financial markets and Institutions
Client:European Parliament
Published: August, 2011
Document type:Report

In a study for the European Parliament, LE Europe has analysed the extent to which digital opportunities impact on consumer behaviour and the interaction between consumers and businesses. At issue is how consumers benefit from the digital environment and whether and how they change their purchasing strategies. E-developments and firm behaviour that impact on consumer […]

Read more

Competition-promoting Consumer Behaviour

Sector:Market studies
Client:Danish Competition and Consumer Authority
Published: March, 2011
Document type:Report

The Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (DCCA) has published two reports analysing the interactions between consumer behaviour and competition in retail markets; one of which was written by LE Europe. The study undertaken by LE Europe analyses consumer behaviour during the purchasing processes and is based on a survey of 6,000 Danish consumers. The study […]

Read more

The Nature and Impact of Hardcore Cartels

Sector:Competition Economics
Client:Danish Competition and Consumer Authority
Published: January, 2011
Document type:Report

This study analyses the nature and impact of hardcore cartels and other economic crimes based on a review of relevant academic literature. The study was commissioned by the Danish Competition and Consumer Authority and its findings feed into work being undertaken by a committee set up by the Danish Government with a mandate to assess […]

Read more

Consumer Switching Experimental Economics Research

Sector:Telecom and media
Client:Ofcom
Published: September, 2010
Document type:Report

This study completed for Ofcom reports the results of an economic experiment that investigates different features of switching processes for consumers in the market for communication services. The economic experiment tests the impact of two main forms of switching process, Gaining Provider Led Processes (GPLPs) and Losing Provider Led Processes (LPLPs) on a set of […]

Read more

Modelling EU Electricity Market Competition Using the Residual Supply Index

Sector:Regulatory economics
Published: May, 2008
Document type:LE Publication (Working Papers and Economic Briefs)

This LE Working Paper reports on research undertaken by LE and others for the European Commission inquiry into the state of competition in the EU’s electricity markets. It also presents new analysis on the economic foundations of the Residual Supply Index as a market structure variable.  From 2005 to 2007

Read more

Increasing Early Settlement Charges for Personal Loans by OTP-Bank Hungary – Abuse of Dominant Position or a Rational Business Response to a Demand Shock

Sector:Competition Economics
Client:LE Presentation
Published: November, 2007
Document type:

5th Annual Conference of the Association of Competition Economists (ACE), Toulouse, November 2007.

Read more

Structure and Performance of Six European Wholesale Electricity Markets in 2003, 2004, and 2005

Sector:Regulatory economics
Client:EC DG Competition
Published: February, 2007
Document type:Report

The report provides an in-depth assessment of the electricity wholesale markets in Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, the Netherlands and Great Britain with a view to determining how competitive markets were in 2003, 2004 and 2005. The report provides summary key results for traditional market structural indicators, electricity-specific measures of market structure and market outcome measures. […]

Read more

The EU Car Market Under the New BER

Sector:Competition Economics
Published: July, 2006
Document type:LE Publication (Working Papers and Economic Briefs)

This Brief summarises our report for DG Competition and reviews market developments in automotive retailing and after-sales sectors following the entry into force of the Regulation No. 1400/2002 (the Block Exemption Regulation or, simply BER), the new EC regulation covering distribution and after sales services of new motor vehicles in the EU.

Read more

Developments in Car Retailing and After-sales Markets Under Regulation 1400/2002

Sector:Competition Economics
Client:EC DG Competition
Published: June, 2006
Document type:Report

This report reviews market developments in automotive retailing and after-sales sectors following the entry into force of the Regulation No. 1400/2002 (the Block Exemption Regulation or, simply BER), the new EC regulation covering distribution and after sales services of new motor vehicles in the EU. The report focuses on the competition implications of the new […]

Read more

Rescue and Restructuring State Aid

Sector:State aid
Published: August, 2005
Document type:LE Publication (Working Papers and Economic Briefs)

This Workign Paper examines the survival of companies having received rescue or restructuring State aid in the EU. The analysis is based on a newly constructed dataset on the awards of State aid that were approved individually by the Commission between 1995 and 2003.

Read more