Tag Archives: quantitative analysis

Pre-contractual Information in Retail Energy Markets – Experimental Consumer Research – October 2018

Sector:
Client:ec-dg-justice-consumers
Published: November, 2018
Document type:Report

The European Commission commissioned LE Europe, Deloitte and Ipsos to study pre-contractual information in retail energy markets. The study used desk research, stakeholder consultations, a consumer survey and a behavioural experiment to understand consumers’ decision-making, attitudes and switching behaviour, and how to improve clarity and comparability in energy prices, consumption and contractual information. The study […]

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2017/2018 SME Annual Report – SME Growing Beyond Borders – November 2018

Sector:
Client:ec-dg-growth
Published: November, 2018
Document type:Report

The annual report, prepared on a yearly basis as part of the SME Performance Review, provides a synopsis of the size, structure and importance of SMEs to the European economy and an overview of the past and forecasted performance of SMEs from 2008 to 2020. Comparisons with partner countries outside the EU and with the […]

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Online Market Segmentation – Experimental Consumer Research and Economic Valuation – August 2018

Sector:
Client:ec-dg-justice-consumers
Published: September, 2018
Document type:Report

The European Commission commissioned LE Europe, Deloitte and Ipsos to study online personalised pricing and offers and targeted advertising. The study used desk research, stakeholder consultations, mystery shopping, a consumer survey and a behavioural experiment to understand how e-commerce websites use consumers’ personal information, and consumers’ attitudes and behaviour when faced with personalisation online. The […]

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Annual Report on European SMEs 2016/17 – Focus on Self-employment and Companion Working Paper – November 2017

Sector:
Client:ec-dg-growth
Published: November, 2017
Document type:Report

The annual report, prepared on a yearly basis, provides a synopsis of the size, structure and importance of SMEs to the European economy and an overview of the past and forecasted performance of SMEs from 2008 to 2018. Comparisons with partner countries outside the EU and with the large enterprise sector are also included. The […]

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Consumer Vulnerability Across Key Markets in the EU: Animated Infographic – November 2016

Sector:
Client:consumer-vulnerability-across-key-markets-in-the-eu-animated-infographic-november-2016
Published: November, 2016
Document type:Presentation

Following the publication of LE Europes’ study into consumer vulnerability across the EU for DG Justice and Consumers, the European Commission has released an animated infographic which presents the key findings of the study, including the varying impact of vulnerability drivers across key markets.

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IPID Consumer Testing and Design Work – August 2016

Sector:
Client:ipid-consumer-testing-design-work-august-2016
Published: August, 2016
Document type:Report

EIOPA commissioned a consortium consisting of LE Europe, Ipsos MORI and Academy Design Partners to undertake consumer testing on the design of a standardised presentation format of an Insurance Product Information Document (IPID). The findings of the consumer testing, as presented in this report, were intended to assist EIOPA to reach a view on the […]

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Study on the Coverage, Functioning and Consumer Use of Comparison Tools and Third-party Verification Schemes for Such Tools – March 2015

Sector:Behavioural Economics
Client:european-commission-executive-agengy-for-health-and-consumers-eahc
Published: March, 2015
Document type:Report

The European Commission has published the study on consumers’ use of comparison tools. As part of the study LE Europe completed a behavioural experiment in 15 EU countries that investigated consumer understanding and use comparison tools. The study forms part of the evidence base used by the Commission to develop, together with stakeholders, a series […]

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Study on the Functioning of the Consumer Credit Markets in the European Union – May 2014

Sector:Behavioural Economics
Client:EC DG Health and Consumers
Published: May, 2014
Document type:Report

The study assesses the degree to which Consumer Credit Directive (CCD) fulfilled its principal objectives, namely: a) fostering an internal credit market in the EU, with a positive impact, in particular on cross­border competition; and, b) providing a high level of protection of consumers regarding consumer credits. The study focuses on the impact of the […]

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Voluntary Food Labelling Schemes Study

Sector:Behavioural Economics
Client:EC DG SANCO
Published: January, 2014
Document type:Report

This market study for the European Commission included a pan-European behavioural experiment to test consumer willingness to pay for products associated with voluntary food labelling schemes. The study also included a web sweep of voluntary food labelling scheme in Europe, a consumer survey and assessment of schemes performance with the requirements of the 2010 Commission […]

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The Economic and Societal Benefits Deriving from the Presence of Hyundai and Kia in Europe (update)

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:Hyundai Motor Company
Published: December, 2013
Document type:Report

LE Europe published updated figures on the contribution of Hyundai and Kia to the European economy. The key findings are: Almost 317,000 people owe their jobs to the presence of Hyundai and Kia in the European Union Hyundai and Kia contributed €2.1 billion in taxes and duties to European governments in 2012 The majority of […]

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2012/2013 Annual Report on European SMEs

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Enterprise and Industry
Published: November, 2013
Document type:Report

The 2012/13 report on European SMEs was prepared by a consortium comprising CARSA, DIW, DIW econ, Innova, LE Europe, Manchester Institute of Innovation Research (University of Manchester) and PwC Luxembourg. The report provides an overview of the size, structure and importance of SMEs to the European economy and their contribution to growth and jobs, as emphasised in the Small […]

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The Cost of Non-Europe: the Untapped Potential of the European Single Market

Sector:Public Policy
Client:European Commision – Bureau of European Policy Advisors (BEPA)
Published: October, 2013
Document type:Report

While the growth-creating potential of the Single Market has long been recognised, evidence on the remaining untapped potential of the Single Market (where such potential lies, how much additional growth it could deliver, and which policy measures would help unlock it) was largely missing. LE Europe, in association with PwC, were commissioned by the European […]

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Implications of the European Commission’s Proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation for Business

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:N/A
Published: October, 2013
Document type:Presentation

Uncertainty about the final shape of the new EU Data Protection Regulation does not mask one fact – they will change how every organisation has to deal with personal information and the cost base and risk factors involved. Whether through the impact of new consent requirements or the need to employ a Data Protection Officer, […]

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Barriers to Cross-border Health Care: Can Behavioural Insights Help?

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:N/A
Published: September, 2013
Document type:Presentation

Presentation at European Commission conference on Applying Behavioural Insights to Policy-Making 30th September 2013.

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A European Single Point of Contact

Sector:Public Policy
Client:European Parliament
Published: July, 2013
Document type:Report

This research study for the European Parliament discusses the features and value added of a European single point of contact. The large number of European level online services combined with an extensive range of services at national level generates complexity in identification of the most appropriate services, and in understanding their different competencies. Such complexity […]

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Study on the Impact of Directive 2007/64/EC on Payment Services in the Internal Market and on the Application of Regulation (EC) No. 924/2009 on Cross-border Payments in the Community

Sector:Finance
Client:EC DG Internal Market and Services
Published: July, 2013
Document type:Report

The study, undertaken with iff and PaySys, examines the effects of Directive 2007/64/EC on payment services in the internal market (PSD) and Regulation (EC) No 924/2009 on fees and charges for cross-border payments (Regulation 924) and identifies a number of potential amendments to current version of the PSD.  The report is based on four different […]

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Levelling the Playing Field in the Single Market

Sector:Public Policy
Client:European Parliament
Published: June, 2013
Document type:Report

The study for the European Parliament shows that the size of the shadow economy in the EU in 2012 is estimated at approximately EUR 2.35 trillion. The shadow economy represents a threat to the Single Market, leads to substantial budgetary difficulties, puts considerable pressure on legitimate businesses, and in long run, limits the potential growth […]

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Regional Disparities in GDP Per Capita in the EU After the Financial Crisis

Sector:Public Policy
Client:N/A
Published: May, 2013
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This LE Europe’ Noteworthy Statistics Briefing investigates the level of regional disparities in per-capita income across the EU27 in 2011 and changes in such disparities following the financial crisis, using the latest data made available by Eurostat.

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Living Standards in the EU After the Financial Crisis – UK Records Among the Largest Declines

Sector:Public Policy
Client:N/A
Published: April, 2013
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This LE Europe’ Noteworthy Statistics Briefing investigates the change in living standards across the EU27 following the financial crisis, using the latest data made available by Eurostat. The analysis focuses on two measures of standards of living: the median equivalised disposable income and the severe material deprivation rate.

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The Economic and Societal Benefits of Deriving from the Presence of Hyundai and Kia in Europe

Sector:Public Policy
Client:Hyundai Motor Company
Published: February, 2013
Document type:Report

The study highlights the contribution of Hyundai and Kia, two of the most successful car manufacturers operating in Europe, in a number of dimensions, namely: the contribution to employment and GDP; training and development of the labour force; the contribution to European R&D and innovation; the contribution to the development of the automotive supply chain […]

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Research on EU Product Labelling

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Energy
Published: December, 2012
Document type:Report

This study by LE Europe, Ipsos MORI and AEA investigated the possibility of creating a product label which provides consumers with information about the environmental lifecycle performance of products (televisions, washing machines and light bulbs). The information may be added to the current EU Energy Efficiency label. Pan-European behavioural experiments  were used in conjunction with […]

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Analysis of Developments in the Fields of Direct Investment and M&A – 2012 Report Part I: Recent Developments

Sector:Finance
Client:EC DG Internal Market and Services
Published: November, 2012
Document type:Report

The study examines recent trends in FDI and capital movements. Overall, the recovery in world-wide FDI witnessed in 2010 continued in 2011, after the sharp decline in the period 2007-09. In 2011, the level of worldwide inward FDI reached €1.1 trillion, increasing by 10.9% from its level in 2010. However, the 2011 level is still […]

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Socio-economic Impacts – Evaluation of Norwegian Space Programs (with PwC)

Sector:Space
Client:Ministry of Trade and Industry (Norway)
Published: July, 2012
Document type:Report

An independent socio-economic impact assessment of Norway’s participation in the European Space Agency (ESA) and National Support Funds. Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) was employed based on EC impact assessment guidelines, established economic principles and international best practice (e.g. UK government HM Treasury’s Green Book). Quantified additive benefits comprise wages/salaries (income tax, value added tax, retailer sales […]

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The Impact of State Guarantees on Banks’ Debt Issuing Costs, Lending and Funding Policy

Sector:Finance
Client:N/A
Published: February, 2012
Document type:Report

This study investigates the effectiveness of state guarantee schemes and ad hoc guarantees given to banks over 2008-10. The study analyses the market value of state guarantees as reflected in the costs banks faced in raising funds on wholesale financial markets and whether state guarantees influenced the funding and (ultimately) lending behaviour of banks. The […]

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McDonald’s Economic Footprint in Europe

Sector:Public Policy
Client:McDonalds
Published: November, 2011
Document type:Report

This report examines McDonald’s economic footprint in Europe in terms of contribution to GDP growth, raw material sourcing, job creation and business opportunities via its franchising model. The analysis shows that McDonald’s continued to grow throughout the recession of 2007-09 and its growth has consistently exceeded EU GDP growth as well as the growth of […]

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Analysis of Developments in the Fields of Direct Investment and M&A (mergers and Acquisitions) – Part II

Sector:Finance
Client:EC DG Internal Market
Published: November, 2011
Document type:Report

This report consists of three papers providing analyses of topics relevant to foreign direct investment: bilateral investment treaties, a financial transactions tax and investment screening mechanisms. Bilateral investment treaties An empirical analysis of the influence bilateral investment treaties (BITs) on the pattern of FDI flows in the EU was carried out. A gravity model of […]

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Analysis of Developments in the Fields of Direct Investment and M&A (mergers and Acquisitions) – Part I

Sector:Finance
Client:N/A
Published: November, 2011
Document type:Report

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of developments in the fields of direct investment and M&A in 2010-11. This includes a descriptive analysis of inward and outward FDI stocks and flows (including FDI resulting from M&A activity) within the EU and between the EU and third countries, by sector, type of FDI, etc. Major factors […]

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Impacts of AA and DLA on Older People in Wales

Sector:Public Policy
Client:Welsh Assembly Government
Published: November, 2011
Document type:Report

This study draws on official data sources and on stakeholder consultations to review the current take‐up and use of income from two disability related benefits – Attendance Allowance (AA) and Disability Living Allowance (DLA) – and explores links with the demand for social care.  The research then uses this information to develop projections of the […]

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Study on Consumers’ Postal Practices and Socio-economic Needs in Terms of the Quality and Provision of the Priority Postal Service

Sector:Public Policy
Client:ARCEP and DGCIS of Ministry of Economiy, Finance and Industry
Published: June, 2011
Document type:Report

The study focuses on the postal practices and needs of households and businesses, especially SMEs. The first part of the study examines the extent to which the postal service is important to users, the users’ knowledge of postal products, their current postal practices, their sensitivity to the time it takes for a postal product to […]

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Quality of Services and Consumers’ Needs: Recent Evidence from France

Sector:Public Policy
Client:LE Presentation
Published: June, 2011
Document type:Presentation

19th CPDE, CRRI, Jersey, June 2011.

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Competition-promoting Consumer Behaviour

Sector:Public Policy
Client:Danish Competition and Consumer Authority
Published: March, 2011
Document type:Report

The Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (DCCA) has published two reports analysing the interactions between consumer behaviour and competition in retail markets; one of which was written by LE Europe. The study undertaken by LE Europe analyses consumer behaviour during the purchasing processes and is based on a survey of 6,000 Danish consumers. The study […]

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Study on the Costs and Benefits of Different Policy Options for Mortgage Credit

Sector:Finance
Client:N/A
Published: March, 2011
Document type:Report

The costs and benefits of potential changes in the following four mortgage policy areas are considered in the study, which was published by the European Commission on 31 March 2011: pre-contractual information, the definition of the annual percentage rate of charge, early repayment and responsible lending and borrowing. The approach to assessing the costs and […]

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Measuring Consumer Detriment from Postal Quality-Price Misperceptions in France

Sector:Public Policy
Client:LE Presentation
Published: February, 2011
Document type:Presentation

CCRP workshop, Aston University, Birmingham, February 2011.

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The Functioning of Retail Electricity Markets in the European Union

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG SANCO
Published: November, 2010
Document type:Report

LE Europe, in cooperation with Ipsos, IBF Consulting and CRIOC, were commissioned by the EC DG Health and Consumers (SANCO) to examine the functioning of retail electricity markets in the European Union. Based on consumer surveys, stakeholder surveys and mystery shopping exercises carried out in the 27 Member States, the study shows that, although consumers […]

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Economic and Social Impact of Software and Software-based Services (SSBS)

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Information Society
Published: August, 2010
Document type:Report

The study evaluates the potential economic and social impact of software-based services in the EU and identifies the drivers of growth and competitiveness of the sector, the current barriers limiting the sector’s development, the policy actions needed to remove those barriers, and the economic and social impact of such actions.  

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Study on the Economic Benefits of Privacy-enhancing Technologies (PETs)

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Freedom, Security and Justice
Published: July, 2010
Document type:Report

This report for the European Commission’s DG Freedom, Security and Justice investigates the economic benefits of privacy-enhancing technologies (PETs) for data controllers, with a particular focus on SMEs. Based on consultations with data protection authorities in 12 Member States, as well as on a large-scale survey of businesses and a number of case studies detailing […]

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Study Analysing Possible Changes in the Minimum Rates and Structures of Excise Duties on Alcoholic Beverages

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Taxation and Customs Union
Published: May, 2010
Document type:Report

This report for EC DG Taxation and Customs Union considers the arguments and evidence, for and against changes to the existing minimum duty rates for alcoholic beverages that apply across all EU Member States.  The overarching objective of the study is to examine whether the current structures of alcohol taxation and the minimum rates laid […]

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Study on Consumer Detriment in the Area of Dynamic Packages

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG SANCO
Published: November, 2009
Document type:Report

In a report published by EC DG Health and Consumers, LE Europe has estimated consumer detriment in EU-27 in the area of ‘dynamic travel packages’. A ‘dynamic package’ is a holiday package where different tourist services (flights, car rental, accommodation, excursions etc.) are put together at the same time to fit the specifications of a […]

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The Importance of Wholesale Financial Services to the EU Economy 2009

Sector:Finance
Client:City of London Corporation
Published: September, 2009
Document type:

This report investigates the role, structure and importance of wholesale financial services in the European Union. The specific topic for this year’s report is the EU’s wholesale finance market and its various competitors under a range of differing scenarios, such as changing demographics, the rise of Asia and emerging market economies, the impact of regulation […]

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The Evolution of the High-volume Retail Sector in Europe over the Past 5 Years

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EESC Consultative Commission on Industrial Change
Published: July, 2009
Document type:

This study aims to provide a complete and detailed insight of the evolution of high-volume retailers (HVR) in the food and clothing sectors in different EU Member States. The main conclusions from the analysis are the following. The number of HVR (firms with more than 5% market share) in the food sector is around 5 […]

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An Analysis of Teacher Mobility Within the European Union

Sector:Education and Labour Markets
Client:European Parliament
Published: December, 2008
Document type:Report

LE Europe were commissioned by the European Parliament to undertake an analysis of teacher mobility within the European Union. The study undertakes a quantitative and qualitative analysis of teacher mobility across the European Union Member States where information exists. It explores the relative benefits, costs, strengths and weaknesses of the various mobility programmes. On the […]

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Evaluation of the CAP Policy on Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGI)

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Agriculture
Published: November, 2008
Document type:Report

The study is based on two elements. A descriptive part provides a detailed analysis of the development of the Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGI) schemes over the course of the evaluation period, including the regulatory framework and the implementation mechanism underpinning the schemes. The second part of the project focuses […]

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Analysis of Developments in the Field of Direct Investment and M&A

Sector:Finance
Client:N/A
Published: November, 2008
Document type:Report

This study examines first the developments in international capital flows, especially FDI, in 2007. Next, as a special topic, it undertakes an in-depth quantitative analysis of the difference in economic performance between domestically-owned and foreign-owned business in Europe. The performance indicators used in the analysis are turnover, employment and profitability in levels and over the […]

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Study on the Role and Regulation of Non-credit Institutions in EU Mortgage Markets

Sector:Finance
Client:EC DG Internal Market
Published: September, 2008
Document type:Report

This study analyses non-credit institutions in EU Member State mortgage markets. The study identifies Member States where non-credit institutions are allowed to provide mortgage credit; provides information on the regulation and supervision of these undertakings; the funding techniques non-credit institutions are allowed to use; the size of the mortgage lending activities of non-credit institutions, both […]

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The Importance of Wholesale Financial Services to the EU Economy 2008

Sector:Finance
Client:City of London Corporation
Published: July, 2008
Document type:

This report investigates the role, structure and importance of wholesale financial services in the European Union. The specific topic for this year’s report is the EU’s wholesale finance market and its various competitors under a range of differing scenarios, such as changing demographics, the rise of Asia and emerging market economies, the impact of regulation […]

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Estimating the Impact of Price Regulation on Quality of Service in Post

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: May, 2008
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

16th CPDE, Portugal, May 2008.

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Modelling EU Electricity Market Competition Using the Residual Supply Index

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Working Paper
Published: May, 2008
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This LE Working Paper reports on research undertaken by LE and others for the European Commission inquiry into the state of competition in the EU’s electricity markets. It also presents new analysis on the economic foundations of the Residual Supply Index as a market structure variable.  From 2005 to 2007

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Estimation of the Net Cost of Fulfilling Universal Service Obligations in the Telecoms Sector

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Economic Brief
Published: May, 2008
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This LE Economic Brief describes LE Europe’ estimation of the net cost of the Universal Service Obligation in Ireland.

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Economic Impacts of Increased Flexibility and Liberalisation in European Spectrum Management

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:A Group of European Telecom Companies
Published: April, 2008
Document type:Report

LE Europe was commissioned by a group of European communications sector companies to carry out an independent review of the available evidence examining the costs and benefits of greater flexibility in the use of radio spectrum. This report sets out the findings of that review and is based on existing studies that examine the actual […]

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Study on the Impact of Co-operative Groups on the Competitiveness of Their Craft and Small Enterprise Members

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Enterprise and Industry
Published: January, 2008
Document type:Report

LE Europe were commissioned by EC DG Enterprise and Industry to undertake an in-depth study on the impact of co-operative groups on the competitiveness of their craft and small enterprise members. The analysis undertaken was based on extensive identification of both co-operatives and their members across the European Union; primary data collection of information on […]

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Determinants of Prices and Margins in the EU’s Major Electricity Markets

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: October, 2007
Document type:Presentation

European Global Energy Symposium, Lisbon, October 9, 2007.

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Consolidation in Electricity Markets in CEE: The Case of Hungary

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: July, 2007
Document type:Presentation

Gas and Power in Central & Eastern Europe Conference, Vienna, July 5-6, 2007.

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Gaming in the EU – The Case for State Lotteries

Sector:Public Policy
Client:LE Presentation
Published: May, 2007
Document type:Presentation

4th Congress of the European State Lottery and Toto Association, Budapest, May 21-24, 2007.

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Impact Assessment Relating to the Economic and Governance Evolution of Space in Europe

Sector:Space
Client:EC DG Enterprise and Industry
Published: April, 2007
Document type:Report

LE Europe were one of the contributors to this RPA led study for the European Commission’s DG Enterprise & Industry. The research reviewed the market for space and space related services, including the development of a number of demand scenarios, and also reviewed the roles of the key public sector actors and undertook an analysis […]

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Structure and Performance of Six European Wholesale Electricity Markets in 2003, 2004, and 2005

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Competition
Published: February, 2007
Document type:Report

The report provides an in-depth assessment of the electricity wholesale markets in Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, the Netherlands and Great Britain with a view to determining how competitive markets were in 2003, 2004 and 2005. The report provides summary key results for traditional market structural indicators, electricity-specific measures of market structure and market outcome measures. […]

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Investment and the Regulatory Framework

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: November, 2006
Document type:Presentation

IDATE Foundation Seminar “Reviewing the Review”, Montpellier, November 14, 2006.

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Impact Assessment of Implementing the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)

Sector:Public Policy
Client:LE Economic Brief
Published: November, 2006
Document type:Report

This Economic Bried reports on an econometric assessment LE Europe has carried out of the likely trade impacts of adoption of the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).

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The Impact of the Regulatory Framework on Investment Across the EU

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: October, 2006
Document type:Presentation

Conference: Improving the Regulatory Framework for Electronic Communications: Challenges for the Next Decade organised by CBKE (Uniwersity of Wrocław), CIL (Hungarian Academy of Sciences), WIK, and under the auspices of the Polish regulator UKE, University of Wroclaw, October 18-20, 2006.

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The Case for State Lotteries

Sector:Public Policy
Client:European Lotteries and Toto Association
Published: September, 2006
Document type:Report

The report provides a comprehensive overview of the gaming market in the EU25 and assesses the likely impact of full liberalisation of gaming activities on lotteries and good causes funded by lotteries. The report also reviews the wider socio-economic effects of gaming.

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Study on the Economic Impact of Auditors’ Liability Regimes

Sector:Finance
Client:N/A
Published: September, 2006
Document type:Report

This study focuses on the market for statutory audits of large companies in Europe. It reviews first the state of the international market for audit firms in the EU. Next, it examines the insurance market for statutory audits. It then examines the likely short-run and long-run effects of the possible disappearance of one or more of […]

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An Assessment of the Regulatory Framework for Electronic Communications – Growth and Investment in the EU E-Communications Sector

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Information Society
Published: July, 2006
Document type:Report

The study provides first data on investments in the electronic communications markets in the EU Member States and analyses sources of differences across Member States, sectors and competitors (incumbent versus new entrants).  Next, provides a comparative analysis of growth of the electronic communications sector in the EU and in other main geographical markets.  Finally, it […]

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E-communications Investment in the EU

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Economic Brief
Published: July, 2006
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This Brief summarises research undertaken by LE Europe for the European Commission. The research provides first data on investments in the electronic communications markets in the EU Member States and analyses sources of differences across Member States, sectors and competitors (incumbent versus new entrants). It also provides a comparative analysis of growth of the electronic […]

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The EU Car Market Under the New BER

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Economic Brief
Published: July, 2006
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This Brief summarises our report for DG Competition and reviews market developments in automotive retailing and after-sales sectors following the entry into force of the Regulation No. 1400/2002 (the Block Exemption Regulation or, simply BER), the new EC regulation covering distribution and after sales services of new motor vehicles in the EU.

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Developments in Car Retailing and After-sales Markets Under Regulation 1400/2002

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Competition
Published: June, 2006
Document type:Report

This report reviews market developments in automotive retailing and after-sales sectors following the entry into force of the Regulation No. 1400/2002 (the Block Exemption Regulation or, simply BER), the new EC regulation covering distribution and after sales services of new motor vehicles in the EU. The report focuses on the competition implications of the new […]

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Impact Assessment of Implementing GHS (Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals) – Trade Effects

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Enterprise and Industry
Published: May, 2006
Document type:Report

In July 2003, the Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) was formally adopted by the UN ECOSOC. Its aim is to bring together the major world classification and labelling (C&L) systems of chemicals (substances and preparations/mixtures) into a single new system. This part of the impact assessment provides empirical evidence on […]

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Making the Best Use of Resources

Sector:Education and Labour Markets
Client:LE Presentation
Published: May, 2006
Document type:Presentation

“Returns to various types of investment in education and training” in Brussels, Belgium. May 22-23, 2006.

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Impact of the Regulatory Framework on Investment Across Europe – an Update

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: May, 2006
Document type:Presentation

Münchner Kreis Conference – “The Effectiveness of Electronic Communications Sector Regulation in Europe”, Brussels, May 7, 2007.

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Study on the Returns to Various Types of Investment in Education and Training

Sector:Education and Labour Markets
Client:EC DG Education Arts and Culture
Published: December, 2005
Document type:Report

LE Europe were commissioned to undertake a large-scale project for the EU Directorate General for Education, Arts and Culture on the rates of returns to the investment necessary to achieve the Lisbon educational targets using the European Labour Force Survey. The study computed the private and social costs of achieving the Lisbon targets for different […]

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The Costs and Benefits of Integration of EU Mortgage Markets

Sector:Finance
Client:EC DG Internal Market
Published: August, 2005
Document type:Report

LE Europe was commissioned by the European Commission – DG Internal Market and Services to study the costs and benefits of new initiatives that would lead to the full integration of markets for residential mortgages and home loans in the 25 EU Member States. The report estimates these costs and benefits and also assesses the […]

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Rescue and Restructuring State Aid

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Working Paper
Published: August, 2005
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This Workign Paper examines the survival of companies having received rescue or restructuring State aid in the EU. The analysis is based on a newly constructed dataset on the awards of State aid that were approved individually by the Commission between 1995 and 2003.

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Estimation of Consumers’ Willingness to Pay for Quality of Service in Post

Sector:Public Policy
Client:LE Presentation
Published: June, 2005
Document type:Presentation

13th Conference on Postal and Delivery Economics in Antwerp, Belgium. June 1-4, 2005.

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Structure and Functioning of the Electricity Market in Belgium in a European Perspective

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:CREG
Published: October, 2004
Document type:Report

LE Europe was commissioned by the General Council of the “Commission fédérale de Régulation de l’Electricité et du Gaz” (CREG) to analyse whether, and to what extent, the current federal regulation makes the markets for production, trading and supply of electricity competitive or potentially competitive and, if not, what remedies could be implemented. The report […]

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Ex-post Evaluation of the Impact of Rescue and Restructuring Aid on the International Competitiveness of the Sector(s) Affected by Such Aid

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Enterprise and Industry
Published: June, 2004
Document type:Report

LE Europe was commissioned by the European Commission – DG Enterprise to evaluate the impact of rescue and restructuring aid on the international competitiveness on the sectors affected by such aid. This ex-post evaluation focuses on the survival of companies having received rescue and/or restructuring State aid, the social and economic effects of such aid […]

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Assessing the Key Economic Drivers for Change in the Current Business Climate

Sector:Public Policy
Client:LE Presentation
Published: June, 2004
Document type:Presentation

European Outsourcing Association’s Conference. Amsterdam, the Netherlands. June 9-10, 2004.

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Empirical Analysis of Further Liberalisation in Norway

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: June, 2004
Document type:Presentation

12th Conference on Postal and Delivery Economics. Cork, Ireland. June 2-5, 2004.

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Internet Use by Businesses in Old and New EU Member Countries

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Presentation
Published: April, 2004
Document type:Presentation

TIGER Conference The New Economy and Post-Socialist Transition. Warsaw, April 10-11, 2004.

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Overview of EU25 Securities Trading, Clearing, Central Counterparties, and Securities Settlement

Sector:Finance
Client:EC DG Competition
Published: February, 2004
Document type:Report

The report for the European Commission – DG Competition provides a pan-European overview of trading, clearing and central counterparties, settlement, and custody, of equity, corporate and government bonds, and the related infrastructures (exchanges, clearing institutions and central counterparties, central securities depositories and international central securities depositories at primary level and international central securities depositories and […]

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Study of the Consequences of Further Liberalisation of the Postal Market in Norway

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications
Published: December, 2003
Document type:Report

This Report for the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications provides consultancy advice on the consequences of further liberalisation of the postal market in Norway. The study evaluates the impact of postal liberalisation, based on qualitative analysis and quantitative modelling. Under each of the models, we assess the impacts on liberation across various scenarios, ranging […]

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Financial Markets and the Funding of Enterprises in the European Union: What Future?

Sector:Finance
Client:European Foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions
Published: July, 2003
Document type:Report

This report uses scenarios to explore the future landscape of the financial services industry in the European Union. The question posed is whether the structure of business finance will shift towards greater reliance on capital markets, equity and bonds, and away from bank finance. After reviewing the key factors that drove change in the nineties, […]

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Assessment of Restrictions in the Supply of Professional Services

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:Irish Competition Authority
Published: March, 2003
Document type:Report

The LE Europe/Indecon report analyses competition and restrictions in eight professions in 3 sectors: engineers and architects, medical practitioners, veterinary surgeons, dentists and optometrists in the medical sector and solicitors and barristers in the legal sector. The report notes that three types of restrictions are common across the eight professions. These are restrictions on entry […]

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Study on a Methodology for Identifying Sectors with Serious Structural Problems

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Competition
Published: December, 2002
Document type:Report

LE Europe was commissioned by DG Competition state aid II to develop a general methodology to be used by EC officials to draw up an initial “List of sectors” where serious structural problems prevail. In the report we set out an analytical framework that reviews various aspects (sales, output, employment) of an industry when the […]

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Quantification of the Macro-Economic Impact of Integration of EU Financial Markets – Executive Summary

Sector:Finance
Client:Financial Services Authority
Published: November, 2002
Document type:Report

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Quantification of the Macro-Economic Impact of Integration of EU Financial Markets

Sector:Finance
Client:LE Presentation
Published: November, 2002
Document type:Report

“Financial Market Integration and Economic Growth: Quantifying the Effects”. European Commission. Brussels, Belgium. 19 February, 2003.

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European Integration and Productivity: Exploring the Gains of the Single Market

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:LE Working Paper
Published: May, 2002
Document type:LE publication (working papers and economic briefs)

This paper uses a variety of panel data techniques to argue that the European Single Market Programme significantly increased productivity in a number of European countries. In particular, as a result of the Programme, industry productivity increased considerably in 1992 and 1993 in France, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and in the UK.

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The Economic and Societal Contribution of Hyundai and Kia in Europe – October 2017

Sector:Public Policy
Client:Hyundai Motor Company
Published:
Document type:Report

This report provides a quantification of the economic and societal benefits deriving from the presence of Hyundai and Kia in Europe. The report draws on the most up-to-date data on the operations of Hyundai and Kia in Europe, as well as official and industry data sources. The focus of the report is on the direct […]

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