Publications

The Importance of Wholesale Financial Services to the EU Economy 2009

Sector:Finance
Client:City of London Corporation
Published: September, 2009
Document type:

This report investigates the role, structure and importance of wholesale financial services in the European Union. The specific topic for this year’s report is the EU’s wholesale finance market and its various competitors under a range of differing scenarios, such as changing demographics, the rise of Asia and emerging market economies, the impact of regulation […]

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Study on Consumer Detriment in the Area of Dynamic Packages

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG SANCO
Published: November, 2009
Document type:Report

In a report published by EC DG Health and Consumers, LE Europe has estimated consumer detriment in EU-27 in the area of ‘dynamic travel packages’. A ‘dynamic package’ is a holiday package where different tourist services (flights, car rental, accommodation, excursions etc.) are put together at the same time to fit the specifications of a […]

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Study Analysing Possible Changes in the Minimum Rates and Structures of Excise Duties on Alcoholic Beverages

Sector:Public Policy
Client:EC DG Taxation and Customs Union
Published: May, 2010
Document type:Report

This report for EC DG Taxation and Customs Union considers the arguments and evidence, for and against changes to the existing minimum duty rates for alcoholic beverages that apply across all EU Member States.  The overarching objective of the study is to examine whether the current structures of alcohol taxation and the minimum rates laid […]

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Study on the Economic Benefits of Privacy-enhancing Technologies (PETs)

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:EC DG Freedom, Security and Justice
Published: July, 2010
Document type:Report

This report for the European Commission’s DG Freedom, Security and Justice investigates the economic benefits of privacy-enhancing technologies (PETs) for data controllers, with a particular focus on SMEs. Based on consultations with data protection authorities in 12 Member States, as well as on a large-scale survey of businesses and a number of case studies detailing […]

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The Nature and Impact of Hardcore Cartels

Sector:Competition, Regulation and Business
Client:Danish Competition and Consumer Authority
Published: January, 2011
Document type:Report

This study analyses the nature and impact of hardcore cartels and other economic crimes based on a review of relevant academic literature. The study was commissioned by the Danish Competition and Consumer Authority and its findings feed into work being undertaken by a committee set up by the Danish Government with a mandate to assess […]

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Study on the Costs and Benefits of Different Policy Options for Mortgage Credit

Sector:Finance
Client:N/A
Published: March, 2011
Document type:Report

The costs and benefits of potential changes in the following four mortgage policy areas are considered in the study, which was published by the European Commission on 31 March 2011: pre-contractual information, the definition of the annual percentage rate of charge, early repayment and responsible lending and borrowing. The approach to assessing the costs and […]

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